The living wisdom -Sukrajji
Sukri Bommu Gowda -who I fondly call Sukrajji.a great inspiration for my interest in halakki tribe.She is from my grandparents village called Badgeri in Ankola and has known me since i was a child . She scolds me when I don’t comb my hair;she sits me down ,oils and braid my thin hair and ties the end with banana fiber.
My parents and i share a very unique relationship with Sukrajji.For the world she is a singer and an activist
but for me ,she is just my old sukrajji who warmly holds me and asks "how is amma and appa?"Meeting her is like going back to my roots
She told me many stories ...... She has a story for every plant. She sings songs of the soil .She is spontaneous , she is confident, She is simple, she is the living wisdom of the tribe And now she has been selected for India's fourth highest civilian honour- the Padmashree.
The Valley School ,Bangalore in 2006
I fondly remember her stories she narrated to me about the 5 magical stones, princes with golden hair, the stone crab who turns into princess. I was more inclined to her epic stories and songs of Ramayana and Mahabharata .How the tree frog turned into Mandodhari and became Ravana’s wife, She told me a story of Sita (seete kami) and how Laxman wins Sita by killing the wild crow (ಕಾಮಂಡಲ ಕಾಗೆ )...She said It is not Rama‘s story ....It is Sita’s story .. many myths were broken....
Sukrajji won many awards. Her house is filled with hundreds of awards and framed certificates and momentum . But Sukrajji's life is not changed .She herself gets firwood to light the choola .She herself says what will i do with these awards and certificates ..she has to spend extra money to keep her awards in the cupboard .. For me still Sukrajji is just my old Sukrajji .
Three generations of relationship with Sukrajji is very special for us in many ways. . She would come to our house often. ...This is totally different journey for me with Sukrajji. This gave me deep insight of her life experiences and it is privilege to share with you here
My father recalls when he first met sukrajji in 1969-70 .He was documenting oral songs from halakki tribe. He met 60 years old Baleendra gouda and shivi gouda (Sukrajji’s sister in law ) who were the treasure trove of rich oral heritage of halakki tribe . sukrajji may be 20 -25 years old at that time. He recalls she was sitting beside Shivi and said I also know songs shall I sing ? appa ignored her because she was too young to collect songs from her .. He says when she insisted he took one song from her .
My mother has a special relationship with Sukrajji . She told me walking with Sukrajji in the forest is like you are walking with flora and fauna of western ghat forest . Many people don’t know Sukrajji’s this part of wisdom. Sukrajji values and respects each and every plant which she encountered in her daily life . The entire forest comes alive when you walk with Sukrajji .Sukrajji says every life has its identity. They came on this earth with purpose. There is nothing like useful and not useful
She held a wild grass and said this is called gubbi hullu (ಗುಬ್ಬಿ ಹುಲ್ಲು ) the immediate next question from me is what is the use of this wild grass she smiles and she says first observe them, recognise them ,then you will understand them. Yes each plant has got its identity it may not be useful for me but useful for someone else .
When you walk with sukrajji the entire forest recognises her. She introduces each and every plant with their names ,stories ,songs proverbs and anecdotes.Some may be used for food or a medicine some may be used for weaving baskets or mats some may be used for the roofs or just to lay on the floors of the cow shed .Some may be useful for the animals or birds ,some may be useful for the rituals or just to tie as a rope, some may be for just there to discover .. My mother says no one has documented her knowledge of flora of fauna of Western ghat . and its so overwhelming to get kannada name for each plant from her
My mother recalls when she went for a walk in a small forest near our house in Honnavar town they came back with machle soppu,(ಮಚಲೆ ಸೊಪ್ಪು ) bhandari soppu,(ಭಂಡಾರಿ ಸೊಪ್ಪು ) jangali gadde (ಜಾಂಗಳಿ ಗಡ್ಡೆ ) , najina gadde (ನಂಜಿನ ಗಡ್ಡೆ ),Kavali gende (ಕಾವಲಿ ಗೆಂಡೆ ) which my mother seen first time though she has documented hundreds of these kind of plants with tribes. sukrajji introduced these plants and tubers to my mother first time
How sukrajji got interested in these forest plants is very interesting and it has come from her childhood itself. When she was 10 years old her job was getting soppu /greens to spread on the floors of cowshed. She always carried a cane basket (ಚೂಳಿ ಮುಟ್ಟಿ )and a knife (ಕತ್ತಿ ) with her. She became friends with leaves and grass on her way to the forest. She started recognizing those greens she needs to bring to make a bed for the cows.. Chirkla (,ಚಿರಕ್ಲ ) halcheri, (ಹಳ್ಚೇರಿ) saagade,(ಸಾಗಡೆ ) kuchmaale,(ಕುಚ್ಮಾಲೆ ) ekanayaka,(ಏಕನಾಯಕ) adkoli (ಆಡ್ಕೋಳಿ )like she stared recognising hundreds of greens on her way from her childhood .
My mother told me Sukrajji is the first halakki tribe woman who talks about the relationship between Panadavas (ಪಾಂಡವರು ) and halakki in associated with plants. Sukrajji says pandavas were farmers and they are our ancestors (Panadavara kula ) We belong to Panadava dynasty “naavu panadavara kuladavaru “( ನಾವು ಪಾಂಡವರ ಕುಲದವರು )
she says stories about how pandavas brought agriculture in this western ghat region ..She says by breaking boulders and hard rocks, they made a way to water to flow and they dug wells to feed banana plantations.On her walk sukrajji recognises many plants which are associated with Pandavas and she gives interesting stories for these plants.
Sukrajji gave a beautiful story of this pandavara pachche (ಪಾಂಡವರ ಪಚ್ಚೆ )which has got beautiful tiny pink flowers. She tells when this plant started following pandavas when they set for vanavasa they stopped her on the way on a rocky path (Laterite rocks ) and asked her to stay on these rocks and not to follow them .. interestingly these pandavara pachche grows only on rocks in the monsoons on western ghat forests .
She recognises many plants and flowers from the western ghats with pandavas identity. panadavara baalE,(ಪಾಂಡವರ ಬಾಳೆ ) pandavara harige ,(ಪಾಂಡವರ ಹರಿಗೆ ) pandavra pachche, (ಪಾಂಡವರ ಪಚ್ಚೆ )pandavara tulasi ,(ಪಾಂಡವರ ತುಳಸಿ ). She says when pandavas went for vanavasa all these plants followed them. How interesting !!
| Foxtail orchid (Seete dande )source:internet|
| Foxtail orchid (Droupadi dande )source:internet |
I remember when I spotted fox tail orchid in the forest Sukrajji told me this is called seete dande(ಸೀತೆ ದಂಡೆ ) there is one more of this kind that is called droupadi dande.(ದ್ರೌಪದಿ ದಂಡೆ ) She explained the difference beautifully .Though they look the same seete dande (ಸೀತೆ ದಂಡೆ )is more beautiful with longer fall and more densely covered with flowers compare to droupadi dande (ದ್ರೌಪದಿ ದಂಡೆ ). droupadi's garland is really small and the flowers are not closely held
Sukrajji has a story for this. Draupadi had five husbands so she never got time to string flowers elaborately So her mala is done in a hurried manner so they are small and with scattered flowers. But seete had lot of time to string the flowers. So she made her dande /garland longer and densely tied with more flowers . The stories from the tribe is always weaved with close observation and deeper connection with the nature (photos of fox tail orchid is from the internet )
|Ambu goli |
Ambu goli the name itself describe the grass .ambu ಅಂಬು means arrow in kannada . The flowering shoots of this grass looks like an arrow. and Sukrjji warns “don’t think this grass is innocent ..take care of your langotis (ಕಚ್ಚೆ) and sarees when you go near to them. I like the way how she personifies the plants into character. She smiles and says they will hang on you ( to your cloths )and they reach your village and your home too. She describes the character of this grass beautifully by saying “ ಬಣ್ಣ ತೊಟ್ಟವರನ್ನೂ ಬಿಡ ಚಿನ್ನ ತೊಟ್ಟವರನ್ನು ಬಿಡ -it won’t discriminate poor or rich ,well dressed or poorly dressed it will hang on you ) This kind of depth can come only when you have the deep connection with the nature and the close observation and little bit of creativity and humour
|photo source: internet|
gubbi hullu ಗುಬ್ಬಿ ಹುಲ್ಲು –Gubbi in Kannada is Sparrow-and the grass has got something to do with sparrows . Sukrajji smiles and says this grass grows for the sparrows and not for us !! The sparrow will build its nest only from this grass.
Sukrajji’s wisdom of ecology has not came from schooling or books This came from the ages of observations , a deep rooted connection with the wilderness and passed down from generations. Now unfortunately The huge gap got created for new generation .They moved from real life experience to virtual experience
“ kuttaade kittade kattidre choodade ..(ಕುಟ್ಟಾಡೆ ಕಿಟ್ಟಾಡೆ ಕಟ್ಟಿದ್ರೆ ಚೂಡಾದೆ ) ”Shukajji are you singing or asking me a riddle? when I asked sukrajji ,she laughed and handed over a bunch of grass to me and said this is the name of this grass. Learning will be so interesting with Sukrajji
She has many stories around plants and places which can become a local encyclopedia
The local diversity in the form of rich oral heritage is getting lost. What we are going to lose is enormous. Each region has its own local wisdom ,its own culture weaved with its ecosystem. May be each region had Sukrajji whom we never recognised .
Sukrajji is recognised as a singer or an activist in the main stream world. She is the one who brought into the light -the halakki tribe . The existence of Halakii tribe came into light only because of Sukrajji
Unfortunately no one recognised Sukrajji as a treasure trove of flora and fauna of Uttara Kannada . Her stories, songs, proverbs, anecdotes related to plant wisdom is nowhere documented. Her interpretations about the tribe and the origins are not documented. Her version of Ramayana and Mahabharata was never heard.
With her age her voice is slowly deteriorating. She is not able to recall her lost songs and stories like earlier. Slowly the wisdom of this tribe of this region is fade away with the time and Sukrajji’s shaky voice will say what we really lost.
The information about most of the plants collected by mother with Sukrajji . I added my experience. I acknowledge my mother and thanks to my mother who took me the road less traveled with Sukrajji .